Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the normal virus to progressively severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is another strain that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously recognized in humans.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted among animals and individuals. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet tainted humans.
Regular signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In progressively severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Standard recommendations to forestall infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus
Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Most individuals who become tainted experience mellow illness and recoup, but it tends to be progressively severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the accompanying:
- Wash your hands frequently
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
- Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
- Maintain social distancing
- Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance among yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? At the point when someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. On the off chance that you are excessively close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. When contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From that point, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
Practice respiratory cleanliness
Make sure you, and the individuals around you, follow great respiratory cleanliness. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bowed elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. At that point dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Why? Droplets spread virus. By following great respiratory cleanliness you protect the individuals around you from viruses such as cool, flu and COVID-19.
On the off chance that you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
Stay home on the off chance that you feel unwell. On the off chance that you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care supplier to quickly guide you to the correct health facility. This will also protect you and help forestall spread of viruses and different infections.
Stay educated and follow advice given by your healthcare supplier
Stay educated on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare supplier, your national and local public health authority or your boss on the best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what individuals in your area should do to protect themselves.
Protection measures for persons who are in or have as of late visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading
Stay at home in the event that you start to feel unwell, even with gentle symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recoup. Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate all the more viably and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and different viruses.
In the event that you create fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice instantly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or different serious condition. Call in advance and tell your supplier of any ongoing travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care supplier to quickly guide you to the correct health facility. This will also assist with forestalling possible spread of COVID-19 and different viruses.